Books

The examples found in the APA section are based on the style guide Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed., 2010 and the APA Style Guide to Electronic References, 6th ed., 2012.

Click on the section of your choice to learn how to format different types of book citations.

Basic format
Book with an editor
Book with an editor and a translator
Chapter or essay in a book
Ebook
Encyclopedia, dictionary or reference work
Online encyclopedia, dictionary or reference work

Basic format

  • Use the information found on the title page and the copyright page. The cover page can be inaccurate.
  • Capitalize the first word of the title and the subtitle, as well as any proper nouns. The rest of the title should be in lowercase.
  • For the place of publication, give the name of the city and the state, province or country. Use the abbreviation for the name of the state or province. If 2 or more cities are given, use the location listed first.
  • For the name of the publisher, leave out the words Publishers, Co., and Inc.

Format

Author Last Name, Initials. (Year of publication). Book title. Place of publication: Publisher.

Example:

Stroud, N. J. (2011). Niche news: The politics of news choice. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Book with an editor

  • Move the editor’s name into the author position.
  • Use (Eds.) when there is more than one editor.

Format

Editor Last Name, Initials. (Ed.). (Year of publication). Book title. Place of publication: Publisher.

Example:

Van Raalte, J. L., & Brewer, B. W. (Eds.). (2002). Exploring sport and exercise psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Book with an editor and a translator

  • Add the date of publication of the original work at the end of the citation.
  • Note that for a republished work like the example below, your in-text citation would have to include both dates: Brisson (1996/2004).

Format

Author Last Name, Initials. (Year of publication). Book title (Translator’s Initials. Last Name, Trans.). Place of publication: Publisher. (Original work published xxxx).

Example:

Brisson, L. (2004). How philosophers saved myths: Allegorical interpretation and classical mythology. (C. Tihanyi, Trans.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. (Original work published 1996).

Chapter or essay in a book

  • If there is more than one editor use (Eds.).
  • When you list the pages of the essay, place the abbreviation “pp.” before the page numbers.

Format

Author Last Name, Initials. (Year of publication). Title of chapter or essay. In Editor’s Initial. Last Name (Ed.), Book title (pp. xx-xxx). Place of publication: Publisher.

Example:

Zaatari, Z. (2011). In the belly of the beast: Struggling for nonviolent belonging. In R. Abdulhadi, E. Alsultany, & N. Naber (Eds.), Arab and Arab American feminisms: Gender, violence and belonging (pp. 60-77). Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.

Ebook

  • If the book was read on an e-reader, include this information in square brackets.
  • If your book was accessed through an online portal such as Ebook Central or Google Books, leave out the bracketed information.
  • In both cases you need to include the source of the information in the place of the publication information. If there is a DOI, use the appropriate format (see APA List of References).
  • If there is no DOI, include the URL (web address) from which you downloaded the e-book, using the format: Retrieved from http://xxxxxxx

Format

Author Last Name, Initials. (Year of publication). Book title [E-reader version, if applicable]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxx

Examples:

Decker, P. R. (2012). Old fences, new neighbors. Retrieved from https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/champlaincollege-ebooks/

Tough, P. (2012). How children succeed: Grit, curiosity, and the hidden power of character [Kobo e-reader version]. Retrieved from http://www.kobobooks.com

Encyclopedia, dictionary or reference work

  • When there is no author, place the title in the author position.

Format

Author Last Name, Initials. (Year of publication). Title of article. In Editor’s Initial. Last Name (Ed.), Book title (Edition, Volume, pp. xx-xxx). Place of publication: Publisher.

Example:

Battin, M. P. (2004). Suicide. In S. G. Post (Ed.), Encyclopedia of bioethics (3rd ed., Vol. 4, pp. 2475-2483). New York, NY: Macmillan-Thomson.

Suicide. (2010). In The new encyclopaedia Britannica: Micropedia (15th ed., Vol. 11, p. 359). Chicago, IL: Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Online encyclopedia, dictionary or reference work

  • If the publication date is not available, use (n.d.).

Format

Author Last Name, Initials. (Year of publication). Title of article. In Editor’s Initials. Last Name (Ed.), Title of the reference work. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxx

Example:

Bhagwati, J. (2008). Protectionism. In D. R. Henderson (Ed.), The concise encyclopedia of economics. Retrieved from http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/Protectionism.html

Detecting deception. (2008). In G. Towl, D. P. Farrington, D. Crighton, & G. Hughes (Eds.), Dictionary of forensic psychology. Retrieved from http://credoreference.com/entry/willanfp/detecting_deception

Reincarnation. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/reincarnation

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