The examples found in this section are based on the style guide The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th ed., 2017.
The Chicago citation style primarily uses notes.
- The text in the paper will have a superscript number at the end of the cited material (like this: ¹).
- This number refers to a note with the corresponding number found either at the bottom of the page (in the case of footnotes) or at the end of the paper (endnotes).
- In the notes, the numbers are full size and followed by a period. However, it is acceptable to have superscript numbers in both the text and the notes.
- Indent the first line of the footnote. Leave a blank line between entries.
A bibliography may be required and comes at the end of the document. The bibliography regroups in one place all the sources that were cited throughout the paper, with different formatting.
- The entries are in alphabetical order by author (or by title if there is no author).
- If your bibliography entry is longer than one line, indent the second and subsequent lines. Leave a blank line between entries.