Entire print book

No location is included in the citation.


Cross, Gary S., and Robert N. Proctor. Packaged Pleasures: How Technology & Marketing Revolutionized Desire. U of Chicago P, 2014.

Part of a print work

For an essay in a book, or an article in a journal, give the page numbers. Write “p.” for one page or “pp.” for multiple pages followed by the first and last page (e.g. pp. 2-5).


Zaatari, Zeina. “In the Belly of the Beast: Struggling for Nonviolent Belonging.” Arab and Arab American Feminisms: Gender, Violence and Belonging, edited by Rabab Abdulhadi et al., Syracuse UP, 2011, pp. 60-77.

Online sources

These include web pages, online articles, eBooks as well as sources found through the library databases. When available give the page numbers as you would for a print source.

The location of an online source is specified by the URL. If your source was found in a database include the database title in italics followed by the URL. When possible use the permalink (or stable URL) provided by the database. When giving the URL omit the “http://”.  If a DOI (see glossary for definition) is available use it in place of the URL or permalink.

For web pages it is recommended that you include a date of access.

Examples of web pages:

“First World War.” Library and Archives Canada, Government of Canada, 8 Mar. 2016, www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/military-heritage/first-world-war/Pages/introduction.aspx. Accessed 5 July 2016.

“Urban Poverty and Slum Upgrading.” The World Bank, go.worldbank.org/D7G2Q70170. Accessed 6 Apr. 2016.

Examples of articles found in a database:

Burgess, Jacqulyn N., and Marion E. Broome. “Perceptions of Weight and Body Image Among Preschool Children: A Pilot Study.” Pediatric Nursing, vol. 38, no. 3, May-June 2012, pp. 147-176. Academic Search Elite, ezproxy.champlaincollege.qc.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=afh&AN=76449872&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Marchetti-Mercer, Maria C. “Those Easily Forgotten: The Impact of Emigration on Those Left Behind.” Family Process, vol. 51 no.3, Sept. 2012, pp. 376-390. Academic Search Elite, doi:10.1111/j.1545-5300.2012.01407.x.

Lecture or performance

Include the venue and the city separated by a comma. Note that for works that are in a format different than the usual you have the option of adding a descriptor at the end of the citation (e.g. Lecture, Speech).


Peters, Brian M. “Plagiarism and Academic Integrity.” English 603-1A1-01, 16 Apr. 2012,  Champlain College, Saint-Lambert. Lecture.