APA List of References

List of references

Your full citations are listed at the end of your paper. Start a new page titled “References”.  The citations are in alphabetical order and the whole page is double-spaced. If your citation is longer than one line, indent the following lines (hanging indentation).

Formatting your paper

For a sample paper in APA style visit the Purdue University Online Writing Lab.

Guide to formatting in APA style using Word (Northeast Wisconsin Technical College).



In APA your citation must include the DOI if it is available.The DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is a string of characters that provides a persistent link to the online location of a document. Each document is assigned a unique DOI. It can be found on the first page of an article or if the document was found in a database, in the document description. The DOI may be a string of characters or in the format of a URL. Not all documents have a DOI. You can find more details in the APA examples.

Examples of a DOI:

As a string of characters


Place it at the end of your citation as:


URL format:


Place it at the end of your citation but don’t include the “doi:”