Other Sources

The examples found in the APA section are based on the style guide Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed., 2010 and the APA Style Guide to Electronic References, 6th ed., 2012.

Click on the section of your choice to learn how to cite different types of miscellaneous documents.

Sources from coursepacks (articles, essays, etc.)
Online lecture notes and presentation slides
Films and video recordings
Artwork
Personal communications

Sources from coursepacks (articles, essays, etc.)

  • If the original citation is given (often at the beginning of the coursepack) simply cite the article as if you were looking at the original print copy.
  • If the coursepack does not include this information, use the following format.

Format

Author Last Name, Initials. (Date of publication of coursepack). Title of document. In Initial. Last Name of instructor, (Ed.) Course number:  Coursepack title (page numbers of the coursepack, if available). Location: Publisher.

Example:

Intini, S. (2012, Winter). Are we raising our boys to be underachieving men? In R. Morris (Ed.), Humanities 345-101-MO: Gender and knowledge (pp.1-6). Saint-Lambert, QC: Champlain College Bookstore.

Online lecture notes and presentation slides

Format

Author Last Name, Initial. (Date of publication). Title [Format]. Retrieved Month Day, Year from College Name courseware website: http://xxxxxxx

Example:

Penner, C. (2012). Introduction to library research [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved October 13, 2012 from Champlain College Saint-Lambert Moodle website: http://moodle.mychamplain.ca/course/view.php?id=767

Films and video recordings

  • When citing a film, include the format in brackets [Motion film,VHS, DVD].
  • List the main contributors in the author position with their contribution in parentheses.
  • For online videos see the Online sources section.

Format

Producer’s Last Name, Initials. (Producer), & Director’s Last Name, Initials. (Director). (Year). Title of work [Format]. Country of origin: Studio.

Example:

Glazier, L. (Director). (2004).  It’s a girl’s world [DVD]. Canada: National Film Board of Canada.

Artwork

  • If you viewed the artwork online, use the following format as Location of the work: Retrieved from http://xxxxxx

Format

Artist Last Name, Initial. (Year of fabrication). Title of work [Description]. Location of the work.

Examples:

Heward, P. (1928). At the theatre [Painting]. Montreal, QC: Montreal Museum of Fine Arts.

Heward, P. (1928). At the theatre [Painting]. Retrieved from http://www.mbam.qc.ca/en/collections/art-quebec-canada/-/art/details/MIMSY_ID_22616

Personal communications

  • Personal communications (email, private letters, personal interviews, memos, etc.) are not included in the reference list. This type of source is included only in your text.
  • Give the author’s initials and last name as well as the most exact date possible

Example:

One of his colleagues admitted that the research was creating a lot of discussion (J. Doyle, personal communication, May 15, 2008).

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