Some sources, like journal article or pages from websites, are part of larger works. These larger works are referred to as containers in the MLA citation style.
- Only include the title of the container if your source is a part of a larger whole. Sources that stand on their own (like books or films) do not have containers.
- The title of the container is in italics with the major words capitalized and is followed by a comma.
- Your source is an article published in a journal: The title of the container = the title of the journal.
- Your source is a web page found on a website: The title of the container = the title of the website.
- Your source is an essay from a book: The title of the container = the title of the book.
For sources that stand on their own and therefore are self-contained (e.g. book, film, or play), the title of the container is omitted.
Your source may be in a container that is itself enclosed by a larger container (which we call container 2).
- An article from a journal (container 1) that is located in a database (container 2).
To, Teresa, et al. “Child Care Arrangement and Preschool Development.” Canadian Journal of Public Health, vol. 91, no. 6, Nov./Dec. 2000, pp. 418-422. Research Library, proquest-crc.proxy.ccsr.qc.ca/docview/232013252?accountid=44391.
- A book (source which is self-contained) that is located in a database of eBooks (container 2).
Decker, Peter R. Old Fences, New Neighbors. Fulcrum, 2006. Ebook Central, ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/champlaincollege-ebooks/detail.action?docID=478518.
- An episode from a television series (container 1) that is located on a website (container 2).
“The Winds of Winter.” Game of Thrones, directed by Miguel Sapochnik, season 6, episode 10, HBO, 2016. HBO Canada, www.hbocanada.com/online.